Updated: Oct 14, 2018
Lower back pain affects 85% of us at least once in our lifetime. Most of us are lucky enough to recover within a few months, but around 10% of people continue to suffer. The most commonly prescribed forms of exercise for lower back pain are Yoga and Pilates, but this type of exercise does not necessarily suit everyone's personality or schedule.
In this series of 3 blog posts I will take a closer look at the evidence behind these forms of exercise and hope to answer the following questions:
Part 2: Yoga for lower back pain - does it actually work?
In Part 1 I looked at the evidence behind the use of Pilates to treat lower back pain. Part 2 will now take a closer look at what Yoga is and if there is any evidence that it may be useful in the treatment of lower back injuries.
What is Yoga?
Yoga is an ancient form of exercise that consists of a combination of meditation and Yoga poses.
People tend to think of Yoga as mainly consisting of stretching exercises, but the poses develop strength, endurance and flexibility depending on how you perform them.
I highly recommend that you read the section on “What is Yoga” on about.com for a deeper understanding of how this ancient exercise form works.
Yoga for lower back pain - does it actually work?
Yes, two literature reviews of the most current research agree that Yoga can reduce pain and disability associated with lower back pain.
I can unfortunately not make any recommendations as to what type of Yoga is best for lower back pain, since the included studies used several different types. The sessions were all led by experienced teachers which may have attributed to the positive results.
"But why does Yoga hurt my back?"
There may be several reasons why Yoga can make your pain worse, but the main 2 are:
1. Your teacher does not understand your condition and is not giving you appropriate exercises.
Not all movements and poses are appropriate for everyone. The Yoga classes used in the research studies were all tailored to the specific needs of the patients.
2. You are trying too hard – stop competing with the guy in the corner who can hook his leg behind his ear!
I always advise my patients to:
Book 1 to 1 sessions with an experienced Yoga teacher (preferably one with a physio background) for 6 weeks.
Make sure that your teacher provides you with an exercise sheet and do the exercises EVERY DAY.
Only join a class once you understand the movements and know your limitations. Make sure that you join a class that suits your skill/activity level.
DO NOT PUSH THROUGH PAIN. While it may be normal to have a slight increase in your pain after a class, you should not experience a big flare in pain or other symptoms.
“But I really don’t like Yoga!”
Don’t worry. The research has found that Yoga is no more effective than other mind-body exercises like Thai Chi and Pilates.
Next week I’ll discuss what exercise regimes other than Pilates and Yoga have been shown to be beneficial for decreasing lower back pain.
Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Haller, H., & Dobos, G. (2013). A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Yoga for Low Back Pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 29(5), 450-460.
Saragiotto, B. T., Yamato, T. P., & Maher, C. (2015). Yoga for low back pain: PEDro systematic review update. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(20), 1351.